This came, according to the speeches of the participants in a session of the Council currently being held via a television circle, with the approaching date of filling the Ethiopian Dam coming next month, amid an Egyptian-Sudanese refusal to do so without an agreement.
At the beginning of the session, the United Nations Under-Secretary-General for Political Affairs, Rose Marie DiCarlo, stressed the importance of the three countries’ commitment to dialogue in order to find a solution to their dispute.
The US permanent representative to the United Nations, Ambassador Kelly Kraft, said: “We call on countries to refrain from taking any measures that would undermine the goodwill necessary to reach an agreement.”
The delegate of South Africa, Ambassador Matthew Matigla, called for “respecting the efforts of the African Union, to facilitate reaching an agreement.”
The day after a meeting of senior officials from the three countries on the dam, the African Union, which this year is chaired by South Africa, said in a statement on Saturday that more than 90 percent of the issues had been resolved, and there was a committee working to resolve outstanding issues, to reach an agreement within two weeks.
The delegate of Germany, Ambassador Christoph Huisgen, stressed that the council “relies on the three countries to reach a solution that balances their interests.”
China, Ambassador Zhang Jun, called for the need to support the AU’s role in order to reach an agreement.
In turn, the delegate of France, Ambassador Nicolas de Riviere, whose country holds the rotating presidency of the Security Council this month, warned that the current crisis would destabilize the region.
For his part, Egyptian Foreign Minister, Sameh Shoukry, affirmed that “filling the dam before reaching an agreement may exacerbate the crisis and ignite conflict in the region.”
“We expect the Security Council to act with great care to avoid escalating tension and contain the crisis, and we call on it to encourage the parties to negotiate in good faith to reach an agreement within two weeks,” he added.
On June 17th, technical tripartite negotiations between Cairo, Addis Ababa and Khartoum faltered, before Egypt and Sudan went to the Security Council, with two requests to intervene to solve the crisis.
Negotiations between Egypt, Ethiopia and Sudan have stalled over the past years, amid mutual accusations between Cairo and Addis Ababa of intransigence and the desire to impose unrealistic solutions.